A rare 165 million year old plesiosaur found in Peterborough will be studied by experts at a natural history museum to see if it is a previously unknown species.
The 5.5 metre long marine reptile, nicknamed ‘Eve’, was found at Must Farm quarry by palaeontologists from the Oxford Clay Working Group in November 2014. It is now being studied at the Museum and may prove to be a previously unknown species of plesiosaur.
Plesiosaurs were long-necked sea creatures that lived during the time of the dinosaurs. They died out 66 million years ago.
The specimen, discovered at a site owned by building product manufacturer Forterra, was first spotted by Oxford Clay Working Group member Carl Harrington who noticed a tiny fragment of bone sticking out of the clay. Over the course of four days, Carl and eight others dug up more than 600 pieces of fossilised bone. Carl then spent over 400 hours cleaning and repairing the specimen.
Carl Harrington said: “I’d never seen so much bone in one spot in a quarry. As I was digging amongst the wet clay, the snout of a plesiosaur started to appear in front of me. It was one of those absolute ‘wow’ moments – I was the first human to come face to face with this reptile.”
The remains have now been generously donated to the Museum by Forterra. Brian Chapman, Head of Land and Mineral Resources at Forterra, said: “We are thrilled that such a rare and important prehistoric specimen was unearthed at our Must Farm quarry, and we’re happy to be able to donate it to the Oxford University Museum of Natural History, where it will be studied by leading palaeontologists.”
As I was digging amongst the wet clay, the snout of a plesiosaur started to appear in front of me. It was one of those absolute ‘wow’ moments – I was the first human to come face to face with this reptileCarl Harrington
The newly-discovered plesiosaur had a 2.5 metre long neck, a barrel-shaped body, four flippers and a short tail. Its skull is still preserved inside a block of clay, and the painstaking task of removing it will now be undertaken at the Museum.
Dr James Neenan, a research fellow at the Museum, and Professor John Hutchinson from the Royal Veterinary College have CT-scanned the block to revealthe location of the bones inside. This will aid the removal of the skull from the clay.
On 27 January, visiting secondary school pupils will get the chance to see the plesiosaur find for themselves and to ask our Earth Collections manager Dr Hilary Ketchum about it.
“We are so excited that the plesiosaur has come to the Museum where it will be used for research, education and display,” says Dr Ketchum. “We are very grateful to Forterra for their donation, and of course to the Oxford Clay Working Group who have dedicated a great deal of time, energy and
passion to the discovery and excavation of this fantastic fossil.”
The discovery was made not far from where two Bronze Age Roundhouses were discovered. The 3,000 year old site was labelled as internationally significant last week.